How Particulate Matters Can Cause Respiratory Diseases?


Today’s main concern of the people is air pollution and it is getting worse day-by-day and as a result, people are also facing a lot of health issues. Air pollution is one such form that explains the presence of contamination in the air both indoor and outside. Pollution can occur in the air only when harmful gases, dust, smoke enters the atmosphere and makes it dirty. Particulate Matters (PM2.5) is one such air pollution that is a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets in the air. PM2.5 means the mass per cubic meter of air of particles that are generally less than 2.5 micrometers (µm).

What are the Causes of Air Pollution?

There are many causes of air pollution and that can be man-made and natural. Some of the reasons that can cause air pollution are mentioned below:


  • Combustion from Industry: The main reason of common air pollutants can be produced by industrial processes and that is produced by the combustion of fossil fuels. This particularly drives the industrial process and thereby resulting in the origination of particulates, ozone and nitrogen oxides.
  • Transportation Emissions: Cars, planes, and ships use combustion to harness energy and that is from fossil fuels and the combustion process releases pollutants into the air thereby increasing air pollution.
  • Home Heating: In order to keep your room warm by burning fossil fuels like oil, gas, and coal can cause air pollution.
  • Home Cooking: Home cooking needs direct burning of wood or coals that produce the particulate pollution and this can be harmful.
  • Volcano Eruptions: Natural processes can also cause air pollution. The volcanic eruption is one of the major releases that can cause air pollution.
  • Forest Fires: Forest fires can release pollutants into the air producing air pollution. They produce fine smoke particles that are enough to harm your lungs and damage it accordingly.
  • Tobacco Smoke: Tobacco smoke is the only visible type of air pollution that is present both indoor and outdoor and are mainly linked to respiratory diseases.

Respiratory Diseases Caused Due to PM2.5

Exposure to such harmful particles like PM 2.5 can affect both your lungs and your heart. Linked to such particle pollution exposure can let you have a variety of problems and these are mentioned below:


  • Heart or lung disease
  • Nonfatal heart attacks
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Aggravated asthma
  • Decreased lung function
  • Irritation of the airways
  • Coughing or difficulty breathing
  • Premature death in people

In order to stay away from such respiratory diseases, you should stay protected from it. Cover your face when you move out and avoid traffic area. Besides, if you are inside your home, you can use an air purifier, which can filter the polluted air and make it pure to breathe in.

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Air Pollution is a major concern and you should ensure that you remain safe from it. PM2.5 particulates are invisible and if you inhale it you can cause severe respiratory diseases and in serious condition, it can cause death. So, always stay protected and make sure that you breathe fresh and pure air.


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